Saturday, December 7, 2019

Employment and Orientation free essay sample

The benefits are the new-hire will know what is expected of him/her and you will have an employee that will work hard. If your company did not offer an orientation, describe what you would include for future staff in your position. If my company did not have an orientation I would set down and make out a packet containing important information that the company ask that its employees follow such as the rules and regulations and the rights of all the employees of the company. In this packet I would include quizzes at the end of each chapter for the review and when the packet was finished a test would complete the orientation. This would ensure all the managers and assistant managers that the entire employee’s understand their rights and what is expected of them when they are working for our company. During this orientation I would also offer an insensitive for the employee’s such as clocking in and getting paid for the orientation and would also make it a mandatory requirement to attend and it would be documented in the employee’s file upon completing the packet. We will write a custom essay sample on Employment and Orientation or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page I would have a main copy of the packet for all managers and have several copies made for them to hand out for the new-hire to start working on the packet at the first interview and then give them the test at their second interview. I think that with this packet orientation and have a class with the second interview the new-hire will be sure to know what is expected of them and the rights that they have as an employee of the company.

Saturday, November 30, 2019

The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance Essay Example

The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance Essay I know from my own knowledge that the stopping distance will increase if the mass of the mass of the trolley is increased and the braking force is kept constant. This is because the mass of the trolley will help the trolley speed up as it is rolling down the ramp. When the brakes are applied at the same force the trolley becomes harder to stop.Factors:- Braking force- Mass of trolley- Height of the ramp- FrictionBraking force the more the braking force is then the more it is the less the stopping distance will be. This is because the harder a car brakes the quicker it stops. This will be tested to find a final braking force and then will be kept constant during the final experiment.Mass of the trolley the heavier the trolley is the faster it will go downwards on the slope of the ramp. This is because the gravity will pull the car down and if the car weighs more then the gravity will have a larger effect on it pulling it down at a fast speed. The mass will be the test factor so ther efore will not stay constant and will be changed.Height of the ramp the height of the ramp will effect the stopping distance because the higher the ramp is the more gravitational potential energy there will be. This gravitational potential energy will then be converted into kinetic energy, so this will speed the trolley up making it more difficult for the trolley to stop. Also the higher the ramp will be the steeper the slope will get and therefore the trolley will tend to go faster. This is because the steep slope will make the trolley pick up speed very fast and therefore make it harder to stop at the time when the brakes start.Friction if there is more friction on the surface of the runway and ramp, the trolley will not be able to pick up much speed and also be aided to stop by the friction. And if the surface has too little or no friction at all then the trolley will pick up too much speed and it would be very hard to stop it. Therefore the surface of the ramp and the runway m ust not have too much nor too little friction, but still it should be more towards little than big. For this reason the same surfaced runway and ramp will be used.Apparatus:- Trolley- Ramp- Runway- 1m ruler- Stool- Masses- Pulleys- String- Marker penIf the apparatus were set up like this then it would be very easy to measure the distances. The trolley will be released from the top of the ramp. When it stops and starts to come back on the runway, the runway will be marked at where the trolley was stationary. The same mass of the trolley will be measured twice and then if the results are far apart then a third will be taken to determine an average. After the same mass of the trolley has been measured twice or three times then more masses will be added to the trolley and then the same will be repeated.As we need an average of the different results there will be no point in re-doing anything because we already have an accurate result.Safety there is one safety precaution to be taken se riously. This is the mass; one must make sure that they do not fall on their hands, feet etc.Preliminary experimentDiagramMethodThe experiment was set up as shown in the diagram above. A braking force (mass hung from the end of the stool) was added. The trolley was then released and the stopping distance was recorded. The messes of the trolley were changed to see if the effect of the braking force good enough to stop the heavier trolley, but also not to strong that the lighter massed trolley would fly back without covering much distance.ResultsVarying mass (F)Mass of trolleyStopping distance1kg829g9cm700g829g12cm500g829g13cm300g829g17cm1kg829g + 3866g35cm700g829g + 3866g68cm500g829g + 3866g87cm300g829g + 3866g1mConclusionFrom this experiment we have gathered that the perfect braking force will have to be 500g. This is because the braking force of 1kg was blatantly too big because the trolley instantly flipped backwards. 700g was also too big for the trolley to be stopped with a fair deal of distance. 300g was too small a force for the mass when extra mass was added. 500g was ideal as it worked for the smallest mass of the trolley and also the largest.Obtaining EvidenceThere were no additional changes made to the planned method. The same idea was used but I started of with the measuring of the length of the ramp and also the height and angle of it. The length of the ramp was approximately 80cm and the height was approximately 19cm. With this information the angle can also be measured, which was 13.7à ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½.Number of weightsTotal mass of the trolley (g)First stopping distance (cm)Second stopping distance (cm)Third stopping distance (cm)Average stopping distance (cm)0830.0g10cm10.5cm-10.25cm11600g16cm21cm23cm20cm22280g24cm47cm48cm47.5cm33150g66cm63cm-64.5cm43932g86cm86cm-86cm54710g103.5cm104.5cm-104cm65477g107cm117cm123cm115.7cmThe results were taken in the way mentioned in the planning. This is by taking two results and then if they are far apart take a thi rd. Then if it is hard to determine the anomalous result then take an average of all three. But if it is easy to determine the anomalous then dont add it in the average. For example with 4 weights there is no need to put all three in the average because 24cm is nowhere near 47cm and 48cm.Analysing Evidence and Drawing ConclusionsWe can tell from the results that the higher the mass of the trolley there will be the longer the stopping distance will be. This is because if something is moving and it is heavy then we know that it will take longer to stop than if the same object is moving and it is light. An example of this theory is that if a rhino is running at someone then it would collide with the person and injure him or her but if a cat is running at the same pace it would just collide with the person and just fall over most probably injuring itself. This is because of its mass.As I thought before I carried the experiment out the more the mass of the trolley there would be the hard er it would be to stop and therefore the stopping distance will be greater. This was my prediction and that is exactly what happened in the results. I think my prediction was accurate because it is obvious that a heavier object is harder to stop than a lighter object.Evaluating EvidenceI think that most of my method for carrying out the experiment was a good way to do it because the results reflected what was expected by the scientific theories. I think that the way the trolley was released from the same place was good because everytime the trolley was released it was from the same place and therefore the results were made more accurate. I also thought that the position where the brakes were applied was also kept the same everytime by making sure the string, which was acting as the brakes, was always the same length. However I believe that if I were to do the experiment again I would try to use a different way to measure the stopping distances because our eyes are not too accurate to see the exact place where the trolley became stationary and started to go back. I know this because during the experiment I found that it was very hard to be accurate when marking the runway. I am sure that the results I gained however were easily reliable enough to make a conclusion from because they werent many anomalous results and the results showed why what was achieved. We will write a custom essay sample on The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance Essay Example The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance Essay I know from my own knowledge that the stopping distance will increase if the mass of the mass of the trolley is increased and the braking force is kept constant. This is because the mass of the trolley will help the trolley speed up as it is rolling down the ramp. When the brakes are applied at the same force the trolley becomes harder to stop.Factors:- Braking force- Mass of trolley- Height of the ramp- FrictionBraking force the more the braking force is then the more it is the less the stopping distance will be. This is because the harder a car brakes the quicker it stops. This will be tested to find a final braking force and then will be kept constant during the final experiment.Mass of the trolley the heavier the trolley is the faster it will go downwards on the slope of the ramp. This is because the gravity will pull the car down and if the car weighs more then the gravity will have a larger effect on it pulling it down at a fast speed. The mass will be the test factor so ther efore will not stay constant and will be changed.Height of the ramp the height of the ramp will effect the stopping distance because the higher the ramp is the more gravitational potential energy there will be. This gravitational potential energy will then be converted into kinetic energy, so this will speed the trolley up making it more difficult for the trolley to stop. Also the higher the ramp will be the steeper the slope will get and therefore the trolley will tend to go faster. This is because the steep slope will make the trolley pick up speed very fast and therefore make it harder to stop at the time when the brakes start.Friction if there is more friction on the surface of the runway and ramp, the trolley will not be able to pick up much speed and also be aided to stop by the friction. And if the surface has too little or no friction at all then the trolley will pick up too much speed and it would be very hard to stop it. Therefore the surface of the ramp and the runway m ust not have too much nor too little friction, but still it should be more towards little than big. For this reason the same surfaced runway and ramp will be used.Apparatus:- Trolley- Ramp- Runway- 1m ruler- Stool- Masses- Pulleys- String- Marker penIf the apparatus were set up like this then it would be very easy to measure the distances. The trolley will be released from the top of the ramp. When it stops and starts to come back on the runway, the runway will be marked at where the trolley was stationary. The same mass of the trolley will be measured twice and then if the results are far apart then a third will be taken to determine an average. After the same mass of the trolley has been measured twice or three times then more masses will be added to the trolley and then the same will be repeated.As we need an average of the different results there will be no point in re-doing anything because we already have an accurate result.Safety there is one safety precaution to be taken se riously. This is the mass; one must make sure that they do not fall on their hands, feet etc.Preliminary experimentDiagramMethodThe experiment was set up as shown in the diagram above. A braking force (mass hung from the end of the stool) was added. The trolley was then released and the stopping distance was recorded. The messes of the trolley were changed to see if the effect of the braking force good enough to stop the heavier trolley, but also not to strong that the lighter massed trolley would fly back without covering much distance.ResultsVarying mass (F)Mass of trolleyStopping distance1kg829g9cm700g829g12cm500g829g13cm300g829g17cm1kg829g + 3866g35cm700g829g + 3866g68cm500g829g + 3866g87cm300g829g + 3866g1mConclusionFrom this experiment we have gathered that the perfect braking force will have to be 500g. This is because the braking force of 1kg was blatantly too big because the trolley instantly flipped backwards. 700g was also too big for the trolley to be stopped with a fair deal of distance. 300g was too small a force for the mass when extra mass was added. 500g was ideal as it worked for the smallest mass of the trolley and also the largest.Obtaining EvidenceThere were no additional changes made to the planned method. The same idea was used but I started of with the measuring of the length of the ramp and also the height and angle of it. The length of the ramp was approximately 80cm and the height was approximately 19cm. With this information the angle can also be measured, which was 13.7à ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½.Number of weightsTotal mass of the trolley (g)First stopping distance (cm)Second stopping distance (cm)Third stopping distance (cm)Average stopping distance (cm)0830.0g10cm10.5cm-10.25cm11600g16cm21cm23cm20cm22280g24cm47cm48cm47.5cm33150g66cm63cm-64.5cm43932g86cm86cm-86cm54710g103.5cm104.5cm-104cm65477g107cm117cm123cm115.7cmThe results were taken in the way mentioned in the planning. This is by taking two results and then if they are far apart take a thi rd. Then if it is hard to determine the anomalous result then take an average of all three. But if it is easy to determine the anomalous then dont add it in the average. For example with 4 weights there is no need to put all three in the average because 24cm is nowhere near 47cm and 48cm.Analysing Evidence and Drawing ConclusionsWe can tell from the results that the higher the mass of the trolley there will be the longer the stopping distance will be. This is because if something is moving and it is heavy then we know that it will take longer to stop than if the same object is moving and it is light. An example of this theory is that if a rhino is running at someone then it would collide with the person and injure him or her but if a cat is running at the same pace it would just collide with the person and just fall over most probably injuring itself. This is because of its mass.As I thought before I carried the experiment out the more the mass of the trolley there would be the hard er it would be to stop and therefore the stopping distance will be greater. This was my prediction and that is exactly what happened in the results. I think my prediction was accurate because it is obvious that a heavier object is harder to stop than a lighter object.Evaluating EvidenceI think that most of my method for carrying out the experiment was a good way to do it because the results reflected what was expected by the scientific theories. I think that the way the trolley was released from the same place was good because everytime the trolley was released it was from the same place and therefore the results were made more accurate. I also thought that the position where the brakes were applied was also kept the same everytime by making sure the string, which was acting as the brakes, was always the same length. However I believe that if I were to do the experiment again I would try to use a different way to measure the stopping distances because our eyes are not too accurate to see the exact place where the trolley became stationary and started to go back. I know this because during the experiment I found that it was very hard to be accurate when marking the runway. I am sure that the results I gained however were easily reliable enough to make a conclusion from because they werent many anomalous results and the results showed why what was achieved. We will write a custom essay sample on The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The problem that is to be investigated is to see if the mass of a trolley going down a ramp affects the stopping distance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Carol Moseley-Braun †African American Studies Essay (300 Level Course)

Carol Moseley-Braun – African American Studies Essay (300 Level Course) Free Online Research Papers Carol Moseley-Braun African American Studies Essay (300 Level Course) Carol Moseley-Braun, the daughter of a Chicago law-enforcement officer, made history in November, 1992 when she became the first black woman ever to be elected to the United States Senate. It was the latest in a string of firsts first woman and first African American ever to hold executive office in Cook County government and 10 years voted best legislator in the Illinois House. Carol Moseley-Braun attended Chicago public schools and the University of Illinois at Chicago. Moseley-Braun received her law degree from the University of Chicago and worked for three years as a prosecutor in the U.S. Attorneys office. her success as a prosecutor earned her the United States Attorney Generals Special Achievement award. In 1978, Moseley-Braun was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives. She immediately earned a reputation as a dynamic debater and an uncompromising advocate for more efficient and accountable government. Her hallmark has been an ability to build coalitions comprised of people of all races who are committed to the same principles of good government. During her first election for State Representative, Moseley-Braun pledged to make education her top priority. She was the Chief sponsor of the 1985 Urban School Improvement Act which created and empowered parents councils at every school in Chicago. She was the chief sponsor and prime mover of every school funding bill that affected education in the city of Chicago from 1980-87. Other education legislation sponsored by Moseley-Braun included a bill, introduced in 1980, that provided for higher salaries for professors and a bill, passed in 1984, which allows public aid recipients to attend college without losing their benefits. After just two terms in the House, Carol Moseley-Braun was selected to become the first woman and the first black in Illinois history to serve as Assistant Majority Leader. As the late Mayor Harold Washingtons legislative floor leader, Carol Moseley-Braun was the chief sponsor of bills to reform education and to ban discrimination in housing and private clubs. Carol Moseley-Braun introduced the bill that barred the State of Illinois from investing funds in South Africa until the apartheid system is abolished. Moseley-Braun also filed, and won, the reapportionment case which affirmed the one man one vote pinciple in Illinois. For each of her 10 years in the legislature, Carol Moseley-Braun received the Best Legislator award given by the Independent Voters of Illinois Independent Precinct Organization (IVI-IPO). In 1987, Moseley-Braun was nominated for the office of Recorder of Deeds as part of a multi-ethnic, multi-racial and gender-balanced Dream Ticket. Carol Moseley-Braun made history when she was elected Cook County recorder of Deeds with more than one million votes cast in her favor. She became the first woman and first African American to hold executive office in Cook County government. During the campaign for Recorder of Deeds, Carol Moseley-Braun promised to make the office more accessible and efficient. She took over a moribund and inefficient operation that used 19th-century style record keeping and spent more tax dollars than it took in. Today, the Cook County Recorder of Deeds Office operates with computerized efficiency, greater accessibility, and returns to county government more than two dollars for every tax dollar budgeted for the office. Moseley-Brauns 1992 Senate primary victory over two-term incumbent Senator Alan Dixon was a come-from-behind success in which her two opponents outspent her by more than 20-to-1. Moseley-Braun defeated Dixon and personal injury lawyer Al Hofeld in a positive campaign emphasizing issues over personalities and substance over negative attacks. On November 3, 1993, Carol Moseley-Braun was elected to the United States Senate, beating Republican Richard Williamson with 53% of the vote. She took office on January 5, 1993 to serve the people of Illinois. Upon taking office, she was named to the Judiciary Committee, the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee and the Small Business Committee. She serves on the Juvenile Justice and the Courts and Administrative Practice Subcommittees of the Judiciary Committee. Her subcommittee assignments for the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee are the Housing and Urban Affairs and the Securities Subcommittees. She also serves on the Export Expansion and Agriculture Development and the Urban and Minority-Owned Business Development Subcommittees of the Small Business Committee. Research Papers on Carol Moseley-Braun - African American Studies Essay (300 Level Course)Bringing Democracy to Africa19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraNever Been Kicked Out of a Place This NiceHip-Hop is ArtStandardized TestingQuebec and CanadaWhere Wild and West MeetResearch Process Part OneTwilight of the UAWComparison: Letter from Birmingham and Crito

Friday, November 22, 2019

How to Create a Delphi Form from a String

How to Create a Delphi Form from a String There may be instances when you do not know the exact class type of a form object. You may only have the string variable carrying the name of the forms class, such as â€Å"TMyForm†. Note that the Application.CreateForm() procedure expects a variable of type TFormClass for its first parameter. If you can provide a TFormClass type variable (from a string), you will be able to create a form from its name. The FindClass() Delphi function locates a class type from a string. The search goes through all registered classes. To register a class, a procedure RegisterClass() can be issued. When the FindClass function returns a TPersistentClass value, cast it to TFormClass, and a new TForm object will be created. Sample Exercise Create a new Delphi project and name the main form: MainForm (TMainForm).Add three new forms to the project, name them:FirstForm (TFirstForm)SecondForm (TSecondForm)ThirdForm (TThirdForm)Remove the three new forms from the Auto-create Forms list in the Project-Options dialog.Drop a ListBox on the MainForm and add three strings: TFirstForm, TSecondForm, and TThirdForm.   procedure TMainForm.FormCreate( Sender: TObject);begin RegisterClass(TFirstForm); RegisterClass(TSecondForm); RegisterClass(TThirdForm);end; In the MainForms OnCreate event register the classes: procedure TMainForm.CreateFormButtonClick( Sender: TObject);var s : string;begin s : ListBox1.Items[ListBox1.ItemIndex]; CreateFormFromName(s);end; Once the button is clicked, find the selected forms type name, and call a custom CreateFormFromName procedure: procedure CreateFormFromName( const FormName : string);var fc : TFormClass; f : TForm;begin fc : TFormClass(FindClass(FormName)); f : fc.Create(Application); f.Show;end; (* CreateFormFromName *) If the first item is selected in the list box, the s variable will hold the TFirstForm string value. The CreateFormFromName will create an instance of the TFirstForm form.

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Critical analysis of the issues effecting global ecological integrity Essay

Critical analysis of the issues effecting global ecological integrity and how they impact on the health of populations - Essay Example Mcmichael (2001) defined the development of human frontiers geographic, climatic, and intellectual and technical has met many setbacks from disease, starvation and deteriorating resources. The communal and ecological revolutions wrought by agrarianism, industrialization, fertility control, social transformation, urbanization and mass utilization have intensely exaggerated patterns of health and disease. These days, as life expectancies rise, the planet's ecological units are being dented by the combined weight of populace size and exhaustive economic activity. Global warming, stratospheric ozone diminution and loss of biodiversity cause large-scale risks to human health and endurance. Human population and individual health eventually depend on the veracity of ecosystems and the ecosphere (i.e., without an environment competent of supporting life, no population and, hence, no health can exist). Healthy populations can subsist in restricted environments that have lost their ecological integrity such as most urban constituency only if healthy ecosystems subsist elsewhere to sustain them. This is a purpose of technology and trade and is a trait of human culture that exceptionally differentiates humans from other animal genus reliant on their local environments. That is, human health can be retained by healthy ecosystems (or, at least, productive ones) elsewhere. In this technique, the local population inflicts its ecological footprint on the global commons and on other regions or countries (Rees and Wackernagel 1996; Wackernagel and Rees 1996; Rees 1996, 1997; Pimentel et al. 2000). This interregional dependency can unclear the connection linking people and their health with the health of ecosystems. "To help define shared perceptions of long-term environmental issues and the appropriate efforts needed to deal successfully with the problems of protecting and enhancing the environment, a long-term agenda for action during the coming decades, and aspirational goals of the world community." (Bruntland 1987: ix). It is improbable that increasing "footprints" are sustainable in the long run. The ideas of global commons, ecological health, ecological health, ecology health, ecological integrity and disintegrity, and the like, usually relate to the situation of the biosphere that supports life. Indicators have been developed by agencies such as the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (WWF 1998) as standard measures that offer a sense of the health of environmental life support systems.

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

X-ray Documented Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

X-ray Documented - Essay Example This means that materials science and engineering operates in a world characterized by high technological advances because technological advancements created from advanced materials. The significance of materials science and engineering started a long time ago. It has existed for many years. Nowadays, people only look at the names of eras and realize that materials have been helpful in the creation of civilization. These eras include the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. In fact, people have branded the current era as the material era because of the contribution that material engineering has provided. X-rays use materials that are provided by the technology in material science and engineering. The history of the development of science and technology has always been directly linked to the progress of materials science and engineering. In recent times, the expansion of concentration in the surface qualities of solids has become a feature of this field of knowledge. Neverthele ss, it is not surprising that interactions with material are realized through the free surface of the materials. Surface layers can unfalteringly control the application of the whole quantity of material. The free surface is essential for a large amount of material and mechanical features of materials that include yield strength, proportionality limit and material behavior in processes of fragile and low energy fracture (Sham 1012). The concept of X-rays was first discovered by a physicist from Germany called Wilhelm Roentgen in 1895. However, A.W. Goodspeed was the first person to make the X-ray discovery, on February 22, 1890. Because there was no information that could prove that he had discovered X-ray, Goodspeed named his discovery an accident and did not take any credit for the work he had done (Dyson 1). In the discovery, Wilhelm enclosed a glass tube inside of a black paper box. He attached a wiring that ran inside the glass tube that resembled the inside of a light bulb. Th is enabled the electrical currents to build up in the glass tube. He then connected the tube to an induction coil apparatus that allowed an electric current to pass through the tube. This way, a faint green colored light could be seen across the room. He decided to do this in a different way to be sure of what he had seen. He lit a match stick and discovered that there was a small screen in the room which was coated with a chemical. The lighting from the match stick sent the current along the tube. This made the exact same light to appear again. As he continued with his experiments, he discovered that these rays could penetrate through objects, such as wood and metal. Accidentally, his hand came in contact with the tube one day, and saw shadows of his hand with darker shadows that represented the bones. When he moved his hand, the shadow on the screen also moved. He named the shadow the first x-ray picture (Lewin, Paradijs and Heuvel 373). X-ray works in a unique way. As the wavelen gths of light diminish, they augment in terms of the energy that is produced. X-rays have lesser wavelengths, which cause higher energy compared to ultraviolet waves. This is the reason as to why professionals consider X-rays with respect to the energy they produce rather than their wavelength. This is partly because X-rays have minute wavelengths. Another reason is because X-ray light works like particles as opposed to waves. X-ray detectors gather definite photons of X-ray light that are remarkably different from the radio telescopes that contain large tableware designed to focus radio waves. When an X-ray of a person’s body is done in a hospital, professionals put X-ray sensitive films on one side of the patient’

Saturday, November 16, 2019

Canadian Women and the Second World War Essay Example for Free

Canadian Women and the Second World War Essay The changing roles of women throughout history has been drastic, and none more so than the period during and after World War II. The irrevocable changes that occurred once the war started and women went to work were unprecedented. In the end, the changing role of Canada’s women during the War was the beginning of a chain reaction of events that have forever changed the Canadian workplace and also that of men’s archaic views on the capabilities of women in general. Many look back to the period during the war in which women were encouraged to get out of the kitchen and go to work, and wonder how a five year period could be so instrumental in forever changing the norms of society? Two authors, who attempt to sift through a mountain of information and provide a clear picture in response to this question, are Jeff Keshen and Ruth Roach Pierson. Both authors paint a slightly different picture from the piles of papers, minutes, war diaries and publications that covered that pivotal period during World War II where so many Canadians women found their voice and their freedom from domesticity. Canadian Women and the Second World War Ruth Roach Pierson’s essay is written with purely the perspective of women in mind, and the article itself is geared towards a female audience. The writer briefly describes the conditions of Canada at the onset of the war and the societal views of the role of women. Although there are no quoted references sited for this essay, there was a vast amount of alternative reading where I am sure one could draw numerous conclusions. Even with the lack of references, I did find this essay the most compelling especially, given the current climate of women in the work force. Ruth Roach Pierson describes in great detail the plight women faced during the war, when they were encouraged by the government and the needs of their families to get out and help support their families financially while all of the men were away at war. She goes on to describe the working conditions and child care situations for working women which were less than adequate. As a member of the Canadian Forces and a woman, the most interesting part of the article for me was the descriptions of how women became a uniformed part of the military and how all three branches of service came to assimilate women into active duty and the roles they were allowed to serve in. Throughout the essay, we were told about the deplorable conditions, the lack of equality the women faced in the workplace, and the stereotypes that were attached to women that proved very difficult and almost impossible to overcome. At most concern was the inequality found between men and women’s pay, benefits and allowances throughout the World War II era and beyond. The lack of equal pay for equal work caused great contention for women and still does to this day (although it is not quite as blatant in the civilian workforce today). The argument of the writer is that the roles taken on by women during the war forever changed the roles of women in society. I agree with her argument. Had it not been for the war, and the call to work and the military, things would be very different in our society for women, even today. The war was the instrument to get Canadian women to work, and once there, women found their voices to fight the inequality with respect to working conditions and pay, and paved the way for the next generation of women to continue to work and fight for an equal playing field with their male counterparts . Revisiting Canada’s Civilian Women during World War II Jeff Keshen’s essay is without a doubt written from a man’s perspective without much sympathy to the plight civilian women experienced during the World War II era. This article is very well written and cites over 100 references, making for a very factual account of the times. This article was geared more towards what contributions were made by civilian women versus the article by Ruth Roach Pierson which put most of the focus on women’s roles within the military. Jeff Keshen’s article explains how the media plays a of the time played a pivotal role in doing two things specifically, one was to get the women out to work, support their families and contribute to the war cause. The second countered the last by telling women were over and over told how important their role in the home was. Throughout this article the writer makes numerous references towards how the government of Canada attempted to do the right thing towards female workers during the war, but it also shows how the government’s heart wasn’t into it, thus just making offers to female workers just to appease their complaints for the time being until the war was over. The government was terrible on providing financial support to women whose husbands were away at war, offering only meager amounts of their pay each month, thus forcing more women into the workforce. The article goes on to further explain how during the war, women felt empowered by their circumstances and how once the war was over that women continued to fight towards equality and many refused to ‘go back to the kitchen’ after the war and further challenged the norms by continuing to work. In conclusion, the most compelling argument found during both articles was the willingness of women to move forward and support their families, no matter the cost or the inequalities found between their male counterparts. I have always heard said that ‘women are the backbone of society’. Now, this may not be entirely true in the year 2011 with the shared roles of women and men in families, but it certainly can be said for the years during World War II. Women were faced with the challenge of having their spouses and breadwinners away from home, and they were also faced with the uncertainty of their safe return home to their families. When you couple this with the call from their government and society to join the work force to help the war effort and take over the roles of the men in society while they were away. Eagerly the women answered that call, and stepped up to take over the roles the men used to hold before the war. Not only were they working full-time jobs, but they were still in charge of their households and raising their children and taking over and completing the roles of husband and fathers for an extremely long period of time.